ABOUT ACQUIRED BRAIN INJURY (ABI)
Acquired brain injury (ABI) is an injury to the brain, which is not hereditary, congenital, or degenerative. It can be caused by a traumatic blow or injury to the head, severe rotation of the neck or whiplash, or even lack of oxygen.
160,000 Canadians sustain brain injuries each year. Incidence (and reporting rates) are rising.
Over a million Canadians live with the effects of an acquired brain injury.
About 50% of all acquired brain injuries in Canada come from falls and motor vehicle accidents.
Think First reports that thirty per cent of all traumatic brain injuries are sustained by children and youth, many of them while participating in sports and recreational activities.
The incidence and prevalence of brain injury outnumbers breast cancer, spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis and HIV/AIDs – combined.
A concussion is a mild type of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head or body which causes the brain to move back and forth in your skull. Without attention, diagnosis and treatment, the damage to your brain does not have the opportunity to recover, and can easily worsen.
A concussion often changes the way your brain normally works and has a multitude of impacts on the rest of your body. The symptoms include:
• Loss of consciousness.
• Balance problems or dizziness.
• Double or fuzzy vision.
• Sensitivity to light or noise.
• Feeling sluggish, foggy or groggy.
• Feeling unusually irritable.
• Concentration or memory problems
• Slowed reaction time.