Improving concussion treatment using evidence-based cognitive assessments sources

References for article published in IMPACT Spring 2021.

1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Report to Congress on mild traumatic brain injury in the United States: steps to prevent a serious public health problem. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2003 Aug 31;45.

2. Langlois JA, Rutland-Brown W, Thomas KE. Traumatic brain injury in the United States; emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and deaths.

3. Canada concussion source

4. McCrory P, Meeuwisse W, Dvorak J, Aubry M, Bailes J, Broglio S, Cantu RC, Cassidy D, Echemendia RJ, Castellani RJ, Davis GA. Consensus statement on concussion in sport—the 5th international conference on concussion in sport held in Berlin, October 2016. Br J Sports Med. 2017 Jun 1;51(11):838-47.

5. Ommaya AK, Gennarelli TA. Cerebral concussion and traumatic unconsciousness: correlation of experimental and clinical observations on blunt head injuries. Brain. 1974 Dec 1;97(4):633-54.

6. Gronwall DM. Paced auditory serial-addition task: a measure of recovery from concussion. Perceptual and motor skills. 1977 Apr;44(2):367-73.

7. Ruiter KI, Boshra R, Doughty M, Noseworthy M, Connolly JF. Disruption of function: Neurophysiological markers of cognitive deficits in retired football players. Clinical neurophysiology. 2019 Jan 1;130(1):111-21.

8. Gordon KE, Dooley JM, Fitzpatrick EA, Wren P, Wood EP. Concussion or mild traumatic brain injury: parents appreciate the nuances of nosology. Pediatric neurology. 2010 Oct 1;43(4):253-7.

9. “Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI): Condition Information”. NICHD. Retrieved 18 December 2017.

10. Broglio SP, Moore RD, Hillman CH. A history of sport-related concussion on event-related brain potential correlates of cognition. Int J Psychophysiol. 2011;82:16–23.

11. Broglio SP, Pontifex MB, O’Connor P, Hillman CH. The persistent effects of concussion on neuroelectric indices of attention. J Neurotrauma. 2009;26:1463–1470.

12. De Beaumont L, Theoret H, Mongeon D, Messier J, Leclerc S, Tremblay S, et al. Brain function decline in healthy retired athletes who sustained their last sports concussion in early adulthood. Brain. 2009;132:695–708.

13. De Beaumont L, Henry LC, Gosselin N. Long-term functional alterations in sports concussion. Neurosurgical focus. 2012 Dec;33(6):E8

14. Dupuis F, Johnston KM, Lavoie M, Lepore F, Lassonde M. Concussions in athletes produce brain dysfunction as revealed by event-related potentials. Neuroreport. 2000 Dec 18;11(18):4087-92.

15. Ellemberg, D., Henry, L. C., Macciocchi, S. N., Guskiewicz, K. M., & Broglio, S. P. (2009). Advances in sport concussion assessment: from behavioral to brain imaging measures. Journal of neurotrauma, 26(12), 2365-2382.

16. Gaetz M, Goodman D, Weinberg H. Electrophysiological evidence for the cumulative effects of concussion. Brain Inj. 2000;14:1077–1088.

17. Gosselin N, Thériault M, Leclerc S, Montplaisir J, Lassonde M. Neurophysiological anomalies in symptomatic and asymptomatic concussed athletes. Neurosurgery. 2006 Jun 1;58(6):1151-61.

18. Gosselin N, Bottari C, Chen JK, Huntegeburth SC, De Beaumont L, Petrides M, et al. Evaluating the cognitive consequences of mild traumatic brain injury and concussion by using electrophysiology. Neurosurg Focus. 2012;33:E7–E7.

19. Gronwall D. Cumulative and persisting effects of concussion on attention and cognition. Mild head injury. 1989 Mar 16:153-62.

20. Guskiewicz KM, Mihalik JP. Biomechanics of sport concussion: quest for the elusive injury threshold. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2011;39:4–11.

21. Hinton-Bayre, A. D. (2012). Choice of reliable change model can alter decisions regarding neuropsychological impairment after sportsrelated concussion. Clinical journal of sport medicine, 22(2), 105-108.

22. Howell D, Osternig L, Van Donkelaar P, Mayr U, Chou LS. Effects of concussion on attention and executive function in adolescents. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2013 Jun 1;45(6):1030-7.

23. Kraus N, Thompson EC, Krizman J, Cook K, White-Schwoch T, LaBella CR. Auditory biological marker of concussion in children. 2016 Epub. DOI:

24. Lavoie ME, Dupuis F, Johnston KM, Leclerc S, Lassonde M. Visual p300 effects beyond symptoms in concussed college athletes. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology. 2004 Jan 1;26(1):55-73.

25. Moore RD, Lepine J, Ellemberg D. The independent influence of concussive and sub-concussive impacts on soccer players’ neurophysiological and neuropsychological function. International journal of psychophysiology. 2017 Feb 1;112:22-30.

26. Rugg MD, Cowan CP, Nagy ME, Milner AD, Jacobson I, Brooks DN. Event related potentials from closed head injury patients in an auditory” oddball” task: evidence of dysfunction in stimulus categorisation. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry. 1988 May 1;51(5):691-8.27. Theriault M, De Beaumont L, Gosselin N, Filipinni M, Lassonde M. Electrophysiological abnormalities in well functioning multiple concussed athletes. Brain Injury 2009;23:899–906.

28. Thériault M, De Beaumont L, Tremblay S, Lassonde M, Jolicoeur P. Cumulative effects of concussions in athletes revealed by electrophysiological abnormalities on visual working memory. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology. 2011 Jan 5;33(1):30-41.

29. Ozen LJ, Itier RJ, Preston FF, Fernandes MA. Long-term working memory deficits after concussion: electrophysiological evidence. Brain injury. 2013 Oct 1;27(11):1244-55.

30. Ruiter KI, Boshra R, Doughty M, Noseworthy M, Connolly JF. Disruption of function: Neurophysiological markers of cognitive deficits in retired football players. Clinical neurophysiology. 2019 Jan 1;130(1):111-21.31. Borg J, Holm L, Cassidy JD, Peloso P, Carroll L, Von Holst H, Ericson K. Diagnostic procedures in mild traumatic brain injury: results of the WHO Collaborating Centre Task Force on Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. Journal of rehabilitation medicine. 2004 Feb 1;36(0):61-75.

32. Kane, N. M., Curry, S. H., Rowlands, C. A., Manara, A. R., Lewis, T., Moss, T., … Butler, S. R. (1996). Event related potentials -neurophysiological tools for predicting emergence and early outcome from traumatic coma. Intensive Care Medicine, 22(1), 39.

33. Fischer, C., Morlet, D., Bouchet, P., Luaute, J., Jourdan, C., & Salord, F. (1999). Mismatch negativity and late auditory evoked potentials in comatose patients. Clinical Neurophysiology, 110(9), 1601–1610.

34. Morlet, D., & Fischer, C. (2014). MMN and novelty P3 in coma and other altered states of consciousness: a review. Brain topography, 27(4), 467-479.

35. Harrison, A. H., & Connolly, J. F. (2013). Finding a way in: a review and practical evaluation of fMRI and EEG for detection and assessment in disorders of consciousness. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 37(8), 1403-1419