Effects of brain injury

A brain injury is a life-changing event, and it can lead to a variety of short or long-term effects. Since no two brain injuries are the same, people will not always experience the same effects. In general, they can be grouped into the following categories.

Cognitive effects

Cognitive is a term used to describe thought processing and thinking. Cognitive effects of brain injury can include memory problems, changes in judgement and planning skills, and poor attention/focus.

Physical effects

After a brain injury, a person may have physical deficits that make it difficult to walk, get dressed, drive, and perform other activities of daily living (ADLs). Physical effects of brain injury can include balance problems, fatigue, and muscle weakness.

Behavioural effects

A person may exhibit different behaviours after brain injury that are uncharacteristic or new. They may also impact recovery and rehabilitation. Behavioural effects of brain injury include depression, anger, impulsivity and social dysfunction.

Emotional effects

A person’s emotions and ability to process emotions may change after a brain injury. They may experience grief, mood swings, and more.